Notes From an old Preacher’s Bible

EZRA – NEHIMIAH – ESTHER – JOB

EZRA

Name means “TO HELP”

Ezra was a “scribe” (7:6) whose mission was to rebuild the Temple.  He preached revival by restoring the study of the Word of God.

 1:1 = “NOW” is used 23 times in Ezra… emphasizing urgency and foculs.

3:1 = first requirement for effectiveness is unity of God’s people (note vss 9 & 11)

3:2 = Joshua was a priest, Zerubabbel was a politician

5:1-2 = the ministry of God’s prophets was vital and essential.  Biblical PREACHING is essential to the building of the kingdom!

5:11 = we must keep in focus who we are and WHOSE we are!

6:14 = God’s Cheerleaders, the most important ministry of God’s preachers to His people.

7:10 = “seek”  in Hebrew literally “beat a path thru”

Seeking in the right way – prepared heart

Seeking in the right place – the Word of God

Seeking for the right reason – to do

Seeking for the right purpose – to teach

7:15 = “silver” is type of Word of God (Psalm 12:6) and “gold” is that which is most precious.

7:21 = note “speedily” and      you don’t need to sacrifice one

7:23 = note “diligently” for the other – see Proverbs 21:5

CHAPTERS 9-10 = when God’s leaders do right, God’s people follow

 9:3 = contrast the reaction of Ezra to that of Nehemiah when they confronted the evil of their followers.  Nehemiah 13:25

9: 4 & 10:3 = “tremble at the words of God” identifies those who are moved and motivated by it.

NEHEMIAH

Name means “My comfort is God”

Nehemiah knew God’s plans and purpose for Jerusalem so he adjusted his life and work to fit into it.

11 times we see Nehemiah in prayer:

1:4-11; 2:4; 4:4; 4:9; 5:19; 6:9; 6:14; 13:14; 13:22; 13:29; 13:31

 

1:4 = “certain days” of fasting and prayer was 4 months according to 2:1.

1:8 = basis of Nehemiah’s ministry was the Word of God.

1:11 = “Let” – Nehemiah was a volunteer.  see Isaiah 6:8, Acts 16:10.

2:10 = note Satan’s progressive pressure

          2:10 = grieved

          2:19 = laughed

          4:1-2 = angry, mocking

          4:7-8 = conspiracy

          6:2 = dialog

CHAPTER 3-12 The Gates of Jerusalem and their types

3:1 = Sheep gate – Calvary, salvation

3:3 = Fish gate – soul winning

3:6 = Old gate – consecration, dedication

3:13 = Valley gate – humility

3:14 = Dung gate – holiness

3:15 = Fountain gate – Holy Spirit

3:26 = Water gate – Word of God

***the only one that did not need repair***

3:28 = Horse – warfare

3:29 = East gate – Second coming of Jesus

3:31 = Miphkad – Rapture of the church

8:16 = Ephrim – fruitfulness

12:39 = Prison – White Throne judgment

4:9 = prayer – watch  = faith and work

4:10-12 = Three kinds of people you can not listen to:

           v 10 – discouraged Christians

           v 11- Satan inspired enemies

           v 12- inactive Christians

5:1 = You can’t fight the real enemy if you are too busy fighting other Christians!

5:9 = “walk in the fear of our God” for our testimony sake

5:14-19 = Nehemiah’s example of self sacrifice

5:16 = “Dear God, don’t let me get side-tracked nor lured away from your work by financial offers, hobbies, theological diversions or any other thing!”

CHAPTER 6 = What work will do for you:

-Settle doubts about yourself and others

-Settle differences between people

-Refine and develop your gift

6:14 = note the women in false religions

6:15-16 = the convincing evidence that the work was of God was that they finished it!

CHAPTER 8 = one: 

Body   v1     Book   v1     Author v8

Interpretation v8   Response v9                   Result v10

9:1-3 = Ingredients in public worship:

Assembly                          Separated

Confession                  Reading

Worship

13:25 = contrast the reaction of Nehemiah to that of Ezra when they confronted the evil of their followers.  Ezra 9:3

The result of Ezra”s and Nehemiah’s ministry:

Restored Levites

Restored Sabbath

Purified the sacrificial offerings

City rebuilt

Temple restored

ESTHER

The name of GOD is not found in this book.

Gives the background for the Jewish feast of Purim and is still read at that feast today.

Persian name meaning “star”. 

 

CHAPTER 4

:1 = “all that was done” was the sentence of death – “wages of sin is death” – “all have sinned”

:2 = Mordecai went as far as he could go and did all he could do.

:3 = why aren’t we moved when we realize the hopelessness of man’s condition.

:4 =  Esther was grieved because Mordecai was “acting like a nut”.  Same thing a lot of Christians say when someone steps out to serve the Lord.

:5= “so she sent” instead of WENT

:8 = Mordecai “charged” her.  The great commission is a charge too, not a suggestion.

:11= “I have not been called”  lame excuse that Mordecai would not let her get away with.

:16 = “if I perish, I perish” was not an idle threat.  Esther knew what had happened to Vashti.

JOB

There are 5 main issues at stake in the Book of Job, along with many minor issues as well.

ü  Suffering and its fairness

ü  A righteous man’s suffering

ü  Man’s view of suffering

ü  God’s sovereignty

ü  The place of Satan in the world

Remember . . .

Job did NOT know what was going on behind the scenes.

Job did NOT have the indwelling Holy Spirit, the Comforter.

Job did NOT have the written Word of God, the Scriptures.

Jewish tradition says that Moses wrote the Book of Job.

1:5 & 10 = The hedge about Job’s family was put there by Job himself

1:6 = doggy bone

1:8 = doggy bone

1:15-19 = The devil will see to it that there is always at least one person left to spread the bad news.  Why has it been over 2,000 years and still the GOOD NEWS has not been spread everywhere?

CHAPTER 3  = “Let” appears 13 times in this chapter

3:1 = Jobs problem really started here when he fell into self-pity.

4:13 = the only direct quotation from Job in the New Testament – I Corinthians 3:19

9:18 ff = Job is blaming God

9:25 ff = Job’s self pity

CHAPTER 10 = Job questions God.  Vents his frustrations.

CHAPTER 11 = the end of this chapter is the final state of Job.  He could have had it here if he had just heeded this advice.

CHAPTER 12 = chapter of Job’s self defense

CHAPTER 13 = chapter of Job’s self justification

13:15 = what a struggle,  but…”  You can tell the sheep from the goats by which one gives God the most “buts”!

15: 5,6,13, etc. = Job’s problem illustrated by his words (talking, mouth, lips…)

b = Job blaming others

CHAPTERS 24-31 = Job telling God how good he is.

CHAPTER 29 = Job uses 50 references to himself

 Job thought that he deserved honor because of his:

29:6        = prosperity

29:7-8     = position

29:9-10   = reverence

29:11-13 = praise

29:14      = self

CHAPTER 30 = Job uses 61 references to himself

CHAPTER 31 = Job uses 84 references to himself

31:40 = What God had been waiting for all the time!

32:1-5 = Elihu was an angry young man

33:6 = Elihu says that he has come to speak for God – what Job has been asking for all along:

          5:8, 10:2, 11:5, 13:17, 16:21,31:35 

33:14-23 = three ways God speaks to man

          14 – dreams

                   19 – pain

                             23 – messenger

33:23 = THE MASTER’S MAGNIFICENT MINORITY

>Moses vs Pharaoh’s army       >John the Baptist   >Gideon’s 300     > Elijah vs the prophets of Baal 120 > Elisha vs the Syrians    > David vs Goliath

>Jeremiah vs Israel

>Disciples after the Ascension 

>Paul before the Sanhedrin

>One missionary couple in a heathen tribe!

35:5-15 = Our sin hurts us not God

CHAPTER 38-40 = 80 questions asked by God

38:2 = Job’s problem was self-righteousness.  But what prevented hi getting help was his talking.  see 11:2, 34:37

38:9 = a picture of the earth as seen from space

42:12-13 = twice as much as before = seven sons and three daughters on earth and the same in heaven!

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