Notes From an old Preacher’s Bible

JONAH

JONAH

JONAH 1:1 – “Word to the Lord came to Jonah” We don’t know how the word of God came to Jonah but we do know how the word of God comes to us today:

Hebrews 1:1-2 and II Peter 3:1-9

“to Jonah” It is God’s message to a nation but it comes thru a man. When we have a job to do we look for a tool or a machine, a plan or a program. God looks for a man. What kind of a man? We do not know a lot about Jonah. God may not have told us so that we would not be tempted to look at his pedigree. All we know is that he was a man who knew God – not just knew about Him. (see 4:2)

1:2 = “Arise…Go”

God’s commands are: BRIEF – CLEAR – DEFINITE

God only gave 10 Commandments. Even God’s most profound and far reaching commands are brief – clear – definite:

>Gen. 2:16-17 the care of the garden and forbidden to eat the fruit of only one tree.

>Gen. 12:1-3 Abraham’s instructions to go to a new land and be a blessing to the entire population of the earth for all generations.

>Ex. 3:10 Moses to go and deliver and entire nation of people. Simply “Go

tell Pharaoh…”

>Num.. 13:2 To the spies to explore the promised land.

>Jesus to the disciples; Always in simple language.

Of the words of Jesus recorded in the New Testament:

84.4 % were one syllable

14.2 % were two syllables

1.4 % were more than two syllables

>Acts 16:31 Salvation is “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved.”

>Acts 1:8 The greatest task in all history is given in the simplest language.

1:2 = “Go” Why must we put so much emphasis on GO? “We can’t all go” This is true. But we can’t all STAY. Somebody has to go! “Somebody must send” But if everyone sends, who will they send. We have many who will send. But WHO will be the ONE CENT?

Why we can’t get the world evangelized by just sending (mailing Bibles, broadcast, radio and T.V., etch)?

Isaiah 52:15 and Romans 15:21. God’s plan is that those who have not heard the Gospel will first SEE it lived in human flesh. When they hear it they will be able to UNDERSTAND. This can happen only when those who hear will hear it in their language and be able to understand.

1:2 = “NINEVEH, that great city”

Nineveh was a great city in man’s eyes because of it’s

History– The city was first mentioned in Genesis 10:11. It may have been founded as early as 3,000 years before Christ. Capital of the great Assyrian empire

Size– inner wall was 8 miles long foundations of stone were down to water table

60 feet thick – 100 feet high – had 15 gates – including the suburbs, the city would have taken three days to walk thru or around it.

Population– could have had 175,000 (size of Spokane) living inside the inner wall. God counted 120,000 in Jonah 4:11

Glory “Skyscrapers” -there were over 1,500 buildings and towers over 200 ft tall.

Great palaces of the kings were magnificent. Built on platforms 30-50 feet high. Built around large court yards with rooms off these. Outer walls were of alabaster or other stone. Inner walls were 6-15 feet thick, made of brick and paneled with stone. Decorated with such massive figures that could have only been destroyed by an “upheaval in nature”.

Water supply was from an extensive and well-designed conduit system. Provided water for the entire city and irrigated the farms and gardens of the outskirts. “1,000 cornfields were irrigated thru the winter months”.

Wetlands were a part of this watering and irrigation system which were stocked with waterfowl, wild pigs and deer.

Library – unknown number of books were kept in an extensive library. Assyrian books were written on clay tablets and many are preserved today. They were written in such small letters that a magnifying glass was required to read them. A crystal magnifying glass was found in the ruins which had been turned on a lathe. All the books were catalogued.

Contents: grammars, dictionaries, thesaurus and inter-linear’s of two languages. Books on astronomy and astrology, religion, law, science, medicine, math, literature, commerce (deeds, tax receipts, etc.), private letters and a large and extensive section on history.

1:2 = “Cry against it”. God had no other way to save Nineveh.

verse 2, God said rise, God said go, God said Nineveh

verse 3, Jonah’s response – rose, he went –to Tarshish

1:3 = “Tarshish” in Hebrew is “tin land” The world’s source of tin in Jonah’s day was England.

1:3 = “paid” – disobedience always costs! see Ex 2:9

note Jonah’s progression when he chose not to obey God

1:3 DOWN to Tarshish 1:3 Down into the ship

1:5 DOWN within the ship 2:6 DOWN to the bottom

of the sea

1:9 = “I fear” but I don’t obey.

2:1 = “THEN” Jonah only prayed after three days in the fishes’ belly. Why did he wait so long?

3:2 = “Arise, go” God’s plan had not changed. His Word still does not change with all our disbelief and disobedience.

3:5 = “people of Nineveh believed” is the greatest miracle in the book!

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